componentdidmount hooks

Understanding componentDidMount Hooks

If you are a React developer, then you must have heard about React hooks. Hooks are functions that allow developers to use local state and other React features without writing a class. One of the most widely used hooks is the componentDidMount hook.

What is componentDidMount hook?

componentDidMount is a lifecycle hook that gets called after a component is rendered in the DOM. This hook is used to perform any side effects such as fetching data, setting up subscriptions, or manually changing the DOM.

In class components, componentDidMount is defined as a method that runs after the component has mounted. Here is an example:

class MyComponent extends React.Component {
  componentDidMount() {
    // Perform any side effects here
  render() {
    // Render your component here

However, in functional components, there is no componentDidMount method. Instead, we use the useEffect hook which can be used to perform side effects after rendering. Here is an example:

import React, { useEffect } from 'react';

function MyComponent() {
  useEffect(() => {
    // Perform any side effects here
  }, []);
  return (
    // Render your component here

The useEffect hook takes two arguments: a function that performs the side effect and an array of dependencies. The dependencies array tells React when to run the effect. If the array is empty, the effect will only run once after the initial render.

Why use componentDidMount hook?

The componentDidMount hook is used to perform side effects that need to happen after the component has rendered. This can include fetching data from an API, setting up subscriptions to external services, or manually manipulating the DOM.

Using the useEffect hook with an empty dependencies array is equivalent to using the componentDidMount method in class components.


The componentDidMount hook is a powerful tool for React developers. It allows for performing side effects after a component has rendered. In functional components, we use the useEffect hook instead of defining a componentDidMount method. By using this hook, we can keep our code concise and readable while still achieving the desired functionality.

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