django ajax json data become string

Django Ajax JSON Data Become String

If you are working with Django and Ajax, you might come across a situation where you need to pass JSON data to the server. However, sometimes the JSON data passed through Ajax might become a string instead of a JSON object at the server side.

Reasons for JSON data becoming string

The reasons for JSON data becoming a string can be many:

  • Incorrectly setting the data type in the Ajax request.
  • Incorrectly parsing the data at the server-side.
  • Incorrectly encoding the data at the client-side.

Solution 1: Setting Content-Type header

The first solution is to set the Content-Type header to application/json in the Ajax request. This tells the server that the data being sent is in JSON format.

        url: "/example/",
        type: "POST",
        data: JSON.stringify(data),
        contentType: "application/json",
        success: function(response) {

In Django, you can access the JSON data using the json.loads() method:

      import json

      def my_view(request):
          if request.method == 'POST':
              data = json.loads(request.body)
              # Do something with the JSON data here
          return HttpResponse("OK")

Solution 2: Using the Django JsonResponse

The second solution is to use the JsonResponse method provided by Django. This method automatically converts the data into JSON format and sets the Content-Type header to application/json.

      from django.http import JsonResponse

      def my_view(request):
          if request.method == 'POST':
              data = json.loads(request.body)
              # Do something with the JSON data here
          return JsonResponse({'status': 'OK'})

In the above example, we are returning a JSON response with a status of 'OK'.

Solution 3: Using Django REST framework

The third solution is to use the Django REST framework which provides a lot of utilities for working with JSON data. With Django REST framework, you can easily serialize and deserialize JSON data.

      from rest_framework.decorators import api_view
      from rest_framework.response import Response
      from rest_framework import status

      def my_view(request):
          if request.method == 'POST':
              serializer = MySerializer(
              if serializer.is_valid():
                  # Do something with the validated data
                  return Response({'status': 'OK'}, status=status.HTTP_200_OK)
                  return Response(serializer.errors, status=status.HTTP_400_BAD_REQUEST)

In the above example, we are using the Django REST framework to deserialize the JSON data and validate it using a serializer.


In conclusion, there are multiple ways to pass JSON data through Ajax to Django and handle it at the server-side. The most important thing is to properly encode and decode the JSON data and set the Content-Type header when necessary.

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