## Hackerrank - Gaming Array Solution

Andy wants to play a game with his little brother, Bob. The game starts with an array of distinct integers and the rules are as follows:

- Bob always plays first and the two players move in alternating turns.
- In a single move, a player chooses the maximum element currently present in the array and removes it as well as all the other elements to its right. For example, if the starting array , then it becomes after the first move because we remove the maximum element (i.e., ) and all elements to its right (i.e., and ).
- The modifications made to the array during each turn are permanent, so the next player continues the game with the remaining array. The first player who is unable to make a move loses the game.

Andy and Bob play games. Given the initial array for each game, find and print the name of the winner on a new line. If Andy wins, print `ANDY`

; if Bob wins, print `BOB`

.

To continue the example above, in the next move Andy will remove . Bob will then remove and win because there are no more integers to remove.

**Function Description**

Complete the *gamingArray* function in the editor below. It should return a string that represents the winner, either `ANDY`

or `BOB`

.

gamingArray has the following parameter(s):

*arr*: an array of integers

**Input Format**

The first line contains a single integer , the number of games.

Each of the next pairs of lines is as follows:

- The first line contains a single integer, , the number of elements in .
- The second line contains distinct space-separated integers where .

**Constraints**

- Array contains distinct integers.

For of the maximum score:

- The sum of over all games does not exceed .

For of the maximum score:

- The sum of over all games does not exceed .

**Output Format**

For each game, print the name of the winner on a new line (i.e., either `BOB`

or `ANDY`

).

**Sample Input 0**

```
2
5
5 2 6 3 4
2
3 1
```

**Sample Output 0**

```
ANDY
BOB
```

**Explanation 0**

Andy and Bob play the following two games:

Initially, the array looks like this:

In the first move, Bob removes and all the elements to its right, resulting in :

In the second move, Andy removes and all the elements to its right, resulting in :

At this point, the array is empty and Bob cannot make any more moves. This means Andy wins, so we print `ANDY`

on a new line.

- In the first move, Bob removes and all the elements to its right, resulting in . As there are no elements left in the array for Andy to make a move, Bob wins and we print
`BOB`

on a new line.

**Sample Input 1**

```
2
5
1 3 5 7 9
5
7 4 6 5 9
```

**Sample Output 1**

```
BOB
ANDY
```

**Explanation 1**

In the first test, they alternate choosing the rightmost element until the end. Bob, Andy, Bob, Andy, Bob.

In the second case, Bob takes , Andy takes .

### Solution in Python

```
def gamingArray(arr):
maxval = 0
maxarr = {}
newarr = {}
for index,value in enumerate(arr):
maxval = max(value,maxval)
maxarr[index] = maxval
newarr[value] = index
bobwin = False
while index >= 0:
maxval = maxarr[index]
index = newarr[maxval]-1
bobwin = not bobwin
return "BOB" if bobwin else "ANDY"
for _ in range(int(input())):
n = int(input())
arr = list(map(int,input().split()))
print(gamingArray(arr))
```