## Hackerrank Ruby - Enumerable - reduce Solution

A common scenario that arises when using a collection of any sort, is to get perform a single type of operation with all the elements and collect the result.

For example, a `sum(array)`

function might wish to add all the elements passed as the array and return the result.

A generalized abstraction of same functionality is provided in Ruby in the name of `reduce`

(`inject`

is an alias). That is, these methods iterate over a collection and accumulate the value of an operation on elements in a base value using an operator and return that base value in the end.

Let's take an example for better understanding.>>> (5..10).inject(1) {|product, n| product * n }=> 151200

In above example, we have the following elements: a base value **1**, an enumerable **(5..10)**, and a block with expressions instructing how to add the calculated value to base value (i.e., multiply the array element to *product*, where product is initialized with base value)

So the execution follows something like this:# loop 1n = 1product = 1return value = 1*1 # loop 2n = 2product = 1return value = 1*2 n = 3product = 2return value = 2*3 ..

As you can notice, the base value is continually updated as the expression loops through the element of container, thus returning the final value of base value as result.

Other examples,>>> (5..10).reduce(1, :*) # :* is shorthand for multiplication=> 151200

Consider an arithmetico-geometric sequence where the term of the sequence is denoted by . In this challenge, your task is to complete the `sum`

method which takes an integer `n`

and returns the **sum to the n terms of the series**.

### Solution in ruby

**Approach 1**.

```
def sum_terms(n)
(1..n).reduce(0) {|sum, n| sum + n*n + 1}
end
```

**Approach 2**.

```
def sum_terms(n)
(1..n).inject(0) { |sum, t| sum + ((t * t) + 1) }
end
```

**Approach 3**.

```
def sum_terms(n)
(1..n).reduce(0) {|sum, val| sum += (val * val + 1)}
end
```