how expires mongodb

How to Expire MongoDB Data?

If you are working with MongoDB, you might need to delete or expire the data after a certain period of time. In this case, you can use MongoDB's TTL (Time-To-Live) feature to automatically expire data after a specific time period. Here's how you can do it:

Step 1: Create an Index with the 'expireAfterSeconds' Option

To use TTL, you need to create an index on the field that will be used as the TTL. For example, if you want to expire documents after 24 hours of their creation time, you can create an index on the 'createdAt' field with the 'expireAfterSeconds' option set to 86400 (24 * 60 * 60 seconds).

db.collection.createIndex( { "createdAt": 1 }, { expireAfterSeconds: 86400 } )

This will create an index on the 'createdAt' field and set it to expire after 24 hours (86400 seconds).

Step 2: Insert Documents with the TTL Field

Once you have created the TTL index, you can insert documents with a field that contains the expiration date. For example, if you want to insert a document that will expire after 24 hours:

    "name": "John Doe",
    "createdAt": new Date()

The 'createdAt' field contains the date and time when the document was created. MongoDB will automatically remove this document after 24 hours.

Multiple Ways to Expire MongoDB Data

There are multiple ways to expire data in MongoDB. You can use the MongoDB Atlas platform, which provides a fully managed MongoDB service, to set up automatic data expiration policies. You can also use third-party tools like MongoDB Compass or Robo 3T to manage your data expiration policies.

Another way to expire data is by using a CRON job or a script that runs periodically and deletes expired data. This method requires more maintenance and manual work, but it gives you more control over the data that is being deleted.


The TTL feature in MongoDB is a powerful tool that allows you to automatically delete or expire data after a specific time period. By creating an index with the 'expireAfterSeconds' option, you can ensure that your data is automatically deleted after a certain period of time. There are also other ways to expire data in MongoDB, such as using third-party tools or writing a script to delete expired data.

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