how to use url parameters in react

How to Use URL Parameters in React

If you are building a React application, you may need to pass data between different components or pages. One way to do this is by using URL parameters. URL parameters are values that are added to the end of a URL, after a question mark (?), and separated by an ampersand (&).

Using URL Parameters in React

The easiest way to use URL parameters in React is by using the "react-router-dom" package. This package provides a "Route" component that allows you to define a path with placeholders for URL parameters. Here's an example:

      import React from 'react';
      import { Route } from 'react-router-dom';
      import MyComponent from './MyComponent';

      const App = () => {
        return (
          <div className="App">
            <Route path="/mycomponent/:id" component={MyComponent} />

      export default App;

In this example, we have defined a path "/mycomponent/:id" where ":id" is a placeholder for a parameter. When a user visits a URL that matches this path, React Router will pass the parameter value as a prop to the "MyComponent" component.

To access the parameter value in "MyComponent", you can use the "match.params" object. Here's an example:

      import React from 'react';

      const MyComponent = ({ match }) => {
        const id =;

        return (
            <h2>My Component</h2>
            <p>ID: {id}</p>

      export default MyComponent;

In this example, we have used destructuring to extract the "match" prop from the component props. We can then access the parameter value using "".

Other Ways to Use URL Parameters in React

There are other ways to use URL parameters in React, such as using the "URLSearchParams" API or parsing the URL manually using "window.location". However, these methods are more complex and may not be necessary for most use cases. The "react-router-dom" package is the recommended way to handle URL parameters in React.

URL parameters are a powerful tool for passing data between components or pages in a React application. By using the "react-router-dom" package, you can easily define paths with placeholders for URL parameters and access them in your component props.

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