Leetcode - ZigZag Conversion Solution

# Leetcode - ZigZag Conversion Solution

The string "PAYPALISHIRING" is written in a zigzag pattern on a given number of rows like this: (you may want to display this pattern in a fixed font for better legibility)

P   A   H   N
A P L S I I G
Y   I   R

And then read line by line: "PAHNAPLSIIGYIR"

Write the code that will take a string and make this conversion given a number of rows:

string convert(string s, int numRows);

Example 1:

Input: s = "PAYPALISHIRING", numRows = 3
Output: "PAHNAPLSIIGYIR"

Example 2:

Input: s = "PAYPALISHIRING", numRows = 4
Output: "PINALSIGYAHRPI"
Explanation:
P     I    N
A   L S  I G
Y A   H R
P     I

Example 3:

Input: s = "A", numRows = 1
Output: "A"

Constraints:

• 1 <= s.length <= 1000
• s consists of English letters (lower-case and upper-case), ',' and '.'.
• 1 <= numRows <= 1000

## Solution in Python

class Solution:
def convert(self, s: str, numRows: int) -> str:
d = defaultdict(str)
r = 1
x = 1
for i in s:
d[x]+=i
x += r
if x == numRows or x==1:
r*=-1

return "".join(d.values())