next getStaticProps

What is Next getStaticProps?

Next.js is a React framework that allows developers to build server-side rendered React applications easily. One of the most important features of Next.js is the ability to fetch data at build time, also known as Static Site Generation (SSG), using the getStaticProps function.

How does getStaticProps work?

The getStaticProps function is a special function that is used to fetch data at build time. It is used to pre-render dynamic pages in Next.js. This function runs only on the server-side and not on the client-side.

The getStaticProps function is used to pre-render dynamic pages with data. It takes no arguments but returns an object with two properties:

  • props: An object containing the data to be passed to the page component.
  • revalidate: A number in seconds after which a new request is sent to the server to regenerate the page.

Example Usage:

// pages/blog/[slug].js

import { useRouter } from 'next/router';

export default function BlogPost({ post }) {
  const router = useRouter();

  if (router.isFallback) {
    return <div>Loading...;

  return (

export async function getStaticPaths() {
  // Get all posts from API
  const res = await fetch('');
  const posts = await res.json();

  // Get paths to pre-render based on posts
  const paths = => ({
    params: { slug: post.slug },

  return { paths, fallback: true };

export async function getStaticProps({ params }) {
  // Fetch post data from API
  const res = await fetch(`${params.slug}`);
  const post = await res.json();

  // Pass post data to the page via props
  return { props: { post } };

In the above example, we have a dynamic page for a blog post. We use getStaticPaths to pre-render a list of all possible paths for this page. We set fallback: true so that Next.js will generate the page on the first request.

We use getStaticProps to fetch the post data from our API and pass it to the page component as props. We also use isFallback to show a loading indicator until the page is generated.

Alternative methods:

If you need to fetch data at runtime instead of build time, you can use the getServerSideProps function instead of getStaticProps. This function runs on every request and fetches data dynamically.

If you have a large dataset that cannot be pre-rendered, you can use client-side data fetching with React hooks like useEffect and useSWR.


getStaticProps is a powerful function that allows you to pre-render dynamic pages with data at build time. It is a great way to improve the performance of your Next.js applications and provide better user experience. With the ability to fetch data at runtime and client-side data fetching, Next.js makes it easy to build efficient and responsive applications.

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