react position absolute

Understanding React Position Absolute

In React, position absolute is a way to place an element in a specific position on a page, without affecting the layout of other elements. This is useful when you want to create overlays, tooltips, or other similar UI components.

To use position absolute in React, you need to define the CSS properties that control the position of the element. These properties include:

  • position: absolute;
  • top: ...;
  • left: ...;
  • right: ...;
  • bottom: ...;

The position property specifies that the element should be positioned absolutely. The other properties control where the element should be placed on the page. For example, if you want an element to be positioned 50 pixels from the top of the page and 100 pixels from the left, you would use:

.my-element {
  position: absolute;
  top: 50px;
  left: 100px;

You can also use relative units, such as percentages or ems, to specify the position of the element relative to its parent element. For example, if you want an element to be positioned 50% from the top of its parent and 25% from the left, you would use:

.my-element {
  position: absolute;
  top: 50%;
  left: 25%;

Another way to use position absolute in React is by using a wrapper element. This is useful when you want to position multiple elements at once. For example, if you want to create an overlay that covers the entire page, you can use:

<div className="overlay">
  <div className="overlay-content">

.overlay {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  right: 0;
  bottom: 0;

.overlay-content {
  position: absolute;
  top: 50%;
  left: 50%;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%);

In this example, the .overlay element is positioned to cover the entire page, while the .overlay-content element is positioned in the center of the overlay using the transform property.


Position absolute is a useful technique in React for creating UI components that need to be positioned precisely on a page. By using CSS properties like top, left, right, and bottom, you can control the position of elements in your app.

It's important to keep in mind that using position absolute can affect the layout of other elements on your page, so use it sparingly and with care. If you're having trouble with overlapping elements or other layout issues, consider using a different approach, such as flexbox or CSS grid.

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