regex contains special characters javascript

Regex contains special characters javascript

If you're working on a project that requires parsing and manipulating text, the chances are that you will need to use regular expressions at some point. Regular expressions, or regex, are patterns that describe a set of strings. They are used to find, replace, and extract text in a flexible and precise way.

Often, you'll need to include special characters in your regex pattern to match specific characters, such as digits, whitespace, or punctuation. However, some characters in regex have a special meaning and need to be escaped with a backslash (\) to match them literally.

How to Escape Special Characters in JavaScript Regex

In JavaScript, you can create a regular expression object using the RegExp constructor or the shorthand notation using forward slashes (/pattern/flags). Here are some examples of how to escape special characters:

const regex = new RegExp('^[a-zA-Z0-9_\\-\\.]+@[a-zA-Z0-9_\\-\\.]+\\.[a-zA-Z]{2,}$');
const regex2 = /^[a-zA-Z0-9_\-.]+@[a-zA-Z0-9_\-.]+\.[a-zA-Z]{2,}$/;

The first example uses the RegExp constructor to create a regular expression that matches an email address. Notice that we need to escape the dot (.) and the hyphen (-) with a backslash to match them literally.

The second example is the same regex pattern but written using the shorthand notation. The downside of this notation is that you cannot use variables inside the pattern, and it's harder to read and maintain for complex regex.

Using Character Classes and Shorthand Notations

One of the most powerful features of regex is the ability to use character classes and shorthand notations to match a range of characters. Here are some examples:

// Match any digit
const regex = /\d/;
// Match any non-digit character
const regex = /\D/;
// Match any whitespace character
const regex = /\s/;
// Match any non-whitespace character
const regex = /\S/;


Regular expressions are a powerful tool for manipulating text in JavaScript. To match special characters, you need to escape them with a backslash (\). You can also use character classes and shorthand notations to match a range of characters. Make sure to test your regex patterns thoroughly and use tools like regex101 to debug and optimize them.

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