return new Promise(res => {

Understanding "return new Promise(res => {" in JavaScript

As a web developer, I've come across the concept of Promises in JavaScript many times. Recently, I came across the code return new Promise(res => { and was curious to understand it better.

What is a Promise in JavaScript?

A Promise in JavaScript is a way to handle asynchronous operations. It represents a value that may not be available yet, but will be at some point in the future. Promises have become an important part of modern web development, especially when dealing with AJAX calls and other asynchronous operations.

Understanding "return new Promise(res => {"

When we say return new Promise(res => {, we are actually creating a new Promise object. The res parameter inside the arrow function represents the resolve function that is called when the Promise is resolved.

The resolve function is used to indicate that the Promise has been resolved successfully. It can also take an argument which will be passed as the result of the Promise.

An Example

Let's take an example to understand this better. Suppose we have a function that fetches data from an API and returns a Promise. We can write the code like this:

function fetchData() {
  return new Promise(res => {
      .then(response => response.json())
      .then(data => res(data))
      .catch(error => res(error));

In this example, we create a new Promise object and pass it the arrow function with the res parameter. Inside this function, we make an asynchronous call to an API using the fetch function. When the response is received, we convert it to JSON and pass it as an argument to the resolve function.

If there is an error, we catch it and pass it to the resolve function as well.

Now, when we call this function, we can use the then method to handle the resolved value and the catch method to handle any errors:

  .then(data => console.log(data))
  .catch(error => console.error(error));


The return new Promise(res => { pattern is a common way to create new Promise objects in JavaScript. It allows us to handle asynchronous operations in a more elegant way and makes our code more readable and maintainable.

Subscribe to The Poor Coder | Algorithm Solutions

Don’t miss out on the latest issues. Sign up now to get access to the library of members-only issues.
[email protected]