what is extraneous in npm list

What is Extraneous in npm list?

As a developer, it's important to have a clear understanding of the dependencies you are using in your project. Npm (Node Package Manager) is a popular package manager for Node.js that allows developers to easily install, manage, and update packages required for a project. One of the useful features of npm is the npm list command that displays the installed packages and their dependencies.

However, sometimes you may notice a package listed as "extraneous" in the output of npm list. In simple terms, an extraneous package is one that is installed but not listed as a dependency in the package.json file.

Why does an extraneous package occur?

There are a few reasons why an extraneous package may occur:

  • The package was installed globally using the -g flag, and not included in the project's dependencies.
  • The package was installed as a development dependency using the --save-dev flag, but not listed under the "devDependencies" section in the package.json file.
  • The package was installed manually without using npm, and not listed in either the "dependencies" or "devDependencies" section in the package.json file.

How to remove an extraneous package?

If you no longer require the extraneous package, you can easily remove it using the npm uninstall command with the package name. For example:

npm uninstall extraneous-package

If you want to keep the package, you can add it to the appropriate section in the package.json file by using the --save flag, --save-dev flag, or editing the file manually. For example:

npm install extraneous-package --save


Extraneous packages are those that are installed but not listed as a dependency in the package.json file. They can occur due to various reasons and can easily be removed using the npm uninstall command. It's important to keep track of the packages being used in a project and ensure that they are listed in the appropriate section of the package.json file.

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