what is redux

What is Redux?

Redux is a state management library for JavaScript applications. It allows you to manage the state of your application in a predictable and efficient way.

How does Redux work?

Redux works by using a central store to hold the state of your application. The store is a single JavaScript object that contains all the data that your application needs to function.

When you want to change the state of your application, you dispatch an action. An action is a plain JavaScript object that describes what happened in your application.

Reducers are pure functions that take the current state of your application and an action, and return a new state. Reducers are responsible for changing the store based on the actions that are dispatched.

Finally, you can use selectors to extract data from the store and use it in your components.

Why use Redux?

  • Centralized state management: Redux provides a centralized store to manage the state of your application. This makes it easier to reason about your application's state, and to debug problems when they arise.
  • Predictable state changes: Redux uses pure functions to modify the state of your application. This makes it easier to understand how your state is changing over time, and to test your application's behavior.
  • Debugging tools: Redux provides tools like the Redux DevTools that make it easier to debug problems in your application's state.
  • Community support: Redux has a large and active community that provides support and resources for developers.

Example of using Redux

Let's say you're building a to-do list application. You might have a store that holds an array of to-do items:

    const initialState = {
      todos: []

To add a new to-do item, you would dispatch an action:

    const ADD_TODO = 'ADD_TODO';

    function addTodo(text) {
      return {
        type: ADD_TODO,

You would then write a reducer to update the store based on the action:

    function todoReducer(state = initialState, action) {
      switch (action.type) {
        case ADD_TODO:
          return {
            todos: [
                text: action.text,
                completed: false
          return state;

Finally, you could use a selector to extract the list of to-do items from the store and render them in your component:

    function TodoList() {
      const todos = useSelector(state => state.todos);

      return (
          {todos.map(todo => (
            <li key={todo.id}>{todo.text}</li>


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