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Hackerrank - Beautiful Triplets Solution

Beeze Aal

Given a sequence of integers , a triplet  is beautiful if:

Given an increasing sequence of integers and the value of , count the number of beautiful triplets in the sequence.

For example, the sequence  and . There are three beautiful triplets, by index: . To test the first triplet,  and .

Function Description

Complete the beautifulTriplets function in the editor below. It must return an integer that represents the number of beautiful triplets in the sequence.

beautifulTriplets has the following parameters:

• d: an integer
• arr: an array of integers, sorted ascending

Input Format

The first line contains  space-separated integers  and , the length of the sequence and the beautiful difference.
The second line contains  space-separated integers .

Constraints

Output Format

Print a single line denoting the number of beautiful triplets in the sequence.

Sample Input

7 3
1 2 4 5 7 8 10


Sample Output

3


Explanation

The input sequence is , and our beautiful difference . There are many possible triplets , but our only beautiful triplets are  ,  and  by value not index. Please see the equations below:

Recall that a beautiful triplet satisfies the following equivalence relation:  where .

Solution in Python

def beautifulTriplets(d, arr):
a = set(arr)
return len([1 for i in arr if i+d in a and i+d*2 in a])
n,d = map(int,input().split())
arr = list(map(int,input().split()))
print(beautifulTriplets(d, arr))