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Hackerrank - Happy Ladybugs Solution

Hackerrank - Happy Ladybugs Solution

Beeze Aal
Beeze Aal

Happy Ladybugs is a board game having the following properties:

  • The board is represented by a string, , of length . The ¬†character of the string, , denotes the ¬†cell of the board.
  • If ¬†is an underscore (i.e., _), it means the ¬†cell of the board is empty.
  • If ¬†is an uppercase English alphabetic letter (ascii[A-Z]), it means the ¬†cell contains a ladybug of color .
  • String ¬†will not contain any other characters.
  • A ladybug is happy only when its left or right adjacent cell (i.e., ) is occupied by another ladybug having the same color.
  • In a single move, you can move a ladybug from its current position to any empty cell.

Given the values of  and  for  games of Happy Ladybugs, determine if it's possible to make all the ladybugs happy. For each game, print YES on a new line if all the ladybugs can be made happy through some number of moves. Otherwise, print NO.


As an example, . You can move the rightmost  and  to make  and all the ladybugs are happy.

Function Description

Complete the happyLadybugs function in the editor below. It should return an array of strings, either 'YES' or 'NO', one for each test string.

happyLadybugs has the following parameters:

  • b: an array of strings that represents the initial positions and colors of the ladybugs

Input Format

The first line contains an integer , the number of games.

The next  pairs of lines are in the following format:

  • The first line contains an integer , the number of cells on the board.
  • The second line contains a string ¬†describing the ¬†cells of the board.

Constraints

Output Format

For each game, print YES on a new line if it is possible to make all the ladybugs happy. Otherwise, print NO.

Sample Input 0

4
7
RBY_YBR
6
X_Y__X
2
__
6
B_RRBR

Sample Output 0

YES
NO
YES
YES

Explanation 0

The four games of Happy Ladybugs are explained below:

  1. Initial board:
lady.png


After the first move:

lady(1).png


After the second move:

lady(2).png


After the third move:

lady(3).png


Now all the ladybugs are happy, so we print YES on a new line.

  1. There is no way to make the ladybug having color Y happy, so we print NO on a new line.
  2. There are no unhappy ladybugs, so we print YES on a new line.
  3. Move the rightmost  and  to form .

Sample Input 1

5
AABBC
7
AABBC_C
1
_
10
DD__FQ_QQF
6
AABCBC

Sample Output 1

NO
YES
YES
YES
NO

Solution in Python

from collections import Counter
from itertools import groupby

def happyLadybugs(b):
    c = Counter(b)
    if "_" in c:
        for x,y in c.items():
            if y<2 and x!="_":
                return "NO"
    else:
        for x,y in groupby(b):
            if len(list(y))<2:
                return "NO"
    return "YES"
for _ in range(int(input())):
    input()
    print(happyLadybugs(input()))