Leetcode - Design a Stack With Increment Operation Solution
2 min read

Leetcode - Design a Stack With Increment Operation Solution

Design a stack which supports the following operations.

Implement the CustomStack class:

  • CustomStack(int maxSize) Initializes the object with maxSize which is the maximum number of elements in the stack or do nothing if the stack reached the maxSize.
  • void push(int x) Adds x to the top of the stack if the stack hasn't reached the maxSize.
  • int pop() Pops and returns the top of stack or -1 if the stack is empty.
  • void inc(int k, int val) Increments the bottom k elements of the stack by val. If there are less than k elements in the stack, just increment all the elements in the stack.

Example 1:

Input
["CustomStack","push","push","pop","push","push","push","increment","increment","pop","pop","pop","pop"]
[[3],[1],[2],[],[2],[3],[4],[5,100],[2,100],[],[],[],[]]
Output
[null,null,null,2,null,null,null,null,null,103,202,201,-1]
Explanation
CustomStack customStack = new CustomStack(3); // Stack is Empty []
customStack.push(1);                          // stack becomes [1]
customStack.push(2);                          // stack becomes [1, 2]
customStack.pop();                            // return 2 --> Return top of the stack 2, stack becomes [1]
customStack.push(2);                          // stack becomes [1, 2]
customStack.push(3);                          // stack becomes [1, 2, 3]
customStack.push(4);                          // stack still [1, 2, 3], Don't add another elements as size is 4
customStack.increment(5, 100);                // stack becomes [101, 102, 103]
customStack.increment(2, 100);                // stack becomes [201, 202, 103]
customStack.pop();                            // return 103 --> Return top of the stack 103, stack becomes [201, 202]
customStack.pop();                            // return 202 --> Return top of the stack 102, stack becomes [201]
customStack.pop();                            // return 201 --> Return top of the stack 101, stack becomes []
customStack.pop();                            // return -1 --> Stack is empty return -1.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= maxSize <= 1000
  • 1 <= x <= 1000
  • 1 <= k <= 1000
  • 0 <= val <= 100
  • At most 1000 calls will be made to each method of increment, push and pop each separately.

Solution in Python

class CustomStack:

    def __init__(self, maxSize: int):
        self.maxSize = maxSize
        self.stack = []
        
    def push(self, x: int) -> None:
        if len(self.stack)!=self.maxSize:
            self.stack.append(x)
            
    def pop(self) -> int:
        if self.stack:
            return self.stack.pop()
        else:
            return -1

    def increment(self, k: int, val: int) -> None:
        for i in range(min(k,len(self.stack))):
            self.stack[i] += val


# Your CustomStack object will be instantiated and called as such:
# obj = CustomStack(maxSize)
# obj.push(x)
# param_2 = obj.pop()
# obj.increment(k,val)

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