Nodejs is an open-source, cross-platform, server-side runtime environment built on Chrome's V8 JavaScript engine. It allows developers to build scalable network applications using JavaScript on the server side. Node.js is event-driven, non-blocking I/O model makes it lightweight and efficient.

Advantages of Nodejs

  • Easy to learn and implement
  • Fast and lightweight
  • Efficient in handling I/O operations
  • Scalable and suitable for real-time applications
  • Large and active community with a vast number of libraries and modules available

Using Nodejs

To use Nodejs, first, we need to install it on our system. You can download and install Nodejs from its official website. After installation, open your terminal or command prompt and type the following command:

node --version

This command will display the installed version of Nodejs on your system.

To create a new Nodejs project, we need to navigate to the project directory in the terminal or command prompt and run the following command:

npm init

This command will create a new Nodejs project with a package.json file where we can specify our project dependencies, scripts, etc.

After creating the project, we can start writing our Nodejs code in the app.js file. Here is an example code:

const http = require('http');

const server = http.createServer((req, res) => {
  res.statusCode = 200;
  res.setHeader('Content-Type', 'text/plain');
  res.end('Hello World!');

server.listen(3000, () => {
  console.log('Server running at http://localhost:3000/');

This code creates a simple HTTP server that listens on port 3000 and sends a 'Hello World!' message to the client when a request is made to the server.

Nodejs also has a vast number of libraries and modules available that we can use to make our development process easier. Some popular Nodejs frameworks are:

  • Expressjs
  • Koa
  • Sails.js
  • Hapi

These frameworks provide a set of tools and features to build web applications and APIs quickly and efficiently.


Nodejs is a powerful and efficient runtime environment that allows developers to build scalable, real-time network applications using JavaScript. Its easy-to-learn syntax and vast community make it a popular choice among developers. With the help of its libraries and frameworks, we can build complex applications in no time.

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