zip() and zipWith()

What are zip() and zipWith() functions in programming?

The zip() and zipWith() functions are commonly used in programming languages to combine multiple lists or arrays into a single list or array.

The zip() function takes multiple lists as arguments and returns a list of tuples where each tuple contains the elements from each of the lists at the same index.

    list1 = [1, 2, 3]
    list2 = ['a', 'b', 'c']
    zipped_list = zip(list1, list2)
    print(list(zipped_list)) # Output: [(1, 'a'), (2, 'b'), (3, 'c')]

The zipWith() function, on the other hand, takes a function as its first argument and one or more lists as its remaining arguments. It then applies the function to the corresponding elements of each list and returns a new list of the results.

    def add(a, b):
        return a + b

    list1 = [1, 2, 3]
    list2 = [4, 5, 6]
    zipped_with_list = zipWith(add, list1, list2)
    print(zipped_with_list) # Output: [5, 7, 9]

As you can see in the above example, the add() function is applied to the corresponding elements of list1 and list2 and returns a new list with the results.

Both zip() and zipWith() are useful functions when dealing with multiple lists or arrays in programming.

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