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Hackerrank StringStream Solution

Hackerrank StringStream Solution

Beeze Aal
Beeze Aal

stringstream is a stream class to operate on strings. It basically implements input/output operations on memory (string) based streams. stringstream can be helpful in different type of parsing. The following operators/functions are commonly used here

  • Operator >> Extracts formatted data.
  • Operator << Inserts formatted data.
  • Method str() Gets the contents of underlying string device object.
  • Method str(string) Sets the contents of underlying string device object.

Its header file is sstream.

One common use of this class is to parse comma-separated integers from a string (e.g., "23,4,56").

stringstream ss("23,4,56");
char ch;
int a, b, c;
ss >> a >> ch >> b >> ch >> c;  // a = 23, b = 4, c = 56

You have to complete the function vector parseInts(string str). str will be a string consisting of comma-separated integers, and you have to return a vector of int representing the integers.

Note If you want to know how to push elements in a vector, solve the first problem in the STL chapter.

Input Format

The first and only line consists of n integers separated by commas.

Output Format

Print the integers after parsing it.

P.S.: I/O will be automatically handled. You need to complete the function only.

Sample Input

23,4,56

Sample Output

23
4
56

Solution in cpp

Approach 1.

#include <sstream>
#include <vector>
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

vector<int> parseInts(string str) {
   vector<int> result;
   stringstream ss;
    ss << str;
    int temp;
    char ch;
    while(ss >> temp) {
        result.push_back(temp);
        ss >> ch;
    }
   return result;
}

int main() {
    string str;
    cin >> str;
    vector<int> integers = parseInts(str);
    for(int i = 0; i < integers.size(); i++) {
        cout << integers[i] << "\n";
    }
    
    return 0;
}

Approach 2.

#include <sstream>
#include <vector>
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

vector<int> parseInts(string str) {
   // Complete this function
    vector<int> par;
    char ch;
    int tmp;
    stringstream ss(str);
    while (ss >> tmp) {
        par.push_back(tmp);
        ss >> ch;
    }

    return par;
}

int main() {
    string str;
    cin >> str;
    vector<int> integers = parseInts(str);
    for(int i = 0; i < integers.size(); i++) {
        cout << integers[i] << "\n";
    }
    
    return 0;
}

Approach 3.

#include <sstream>
#include <vector>
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

vector<int> parseInts(string str) {
   // Complete this function
    stringstream ss(str);
    char ch;
    int temp;
    vector<int> par;
    while (ss >> temp) {
        par.push_back(temp);
        ss >> ch;
    }
    return par;
}

int main() {
    string str;
    cin >> str;
    vector<int> integers = parseInts(str);
    for(int i = 0; i < integers.size(); i++) {
        cout << integers[i] << "\n";
    }
    
    return 0;
}